Monday, 11 September 2017

Meditation-Sankhya Yoga-Yoga Psychology Based on Experience

The Rishis (Sages) of the past meditated. They included both men (eg Kapila) and women (eg Gargi).
By meditate I mean concentrated focus/observation of their own psychical system.
Meditation is a systems approach.  The rishis went from the surface layers of the mind to probe into deeper levels.  The body is multicellular , including the brain (consisting of the sensory input processing system). Under normal circumstances, in a conditioned human, the physical predominates i.e data arriving from the sense organs (eyes, ears etc) .The  4 components i.e.buddhi-intellect ahamkara-identity/individualization capacity, manas - memory bank , chitta-(awareness at the mental level)are a  prakriti (psychical nature) according to sankhya psychology. The 3 attributes of sattva(balance/equilibrium/harmony),rajas (activity) and tamas (inertia) are present in various combination in each individual human. The observable universe is when the self/atman/purusha/subject/observer/ is superimposed by prakriti.During meditation, the self /atman/purusha/observer loses superimposition of  prakriti in the following manner.  When prakriti is stilled by various techniques like mantra repitition, meditative techniques of raja yoga/patanjali yoga  the observing part (subject/atman) has no more object to observe. Subject-object become one. When the atman/self/purusha/subject/observer  loses identification with the object, (distinct energy fields lose their individual vibrations=detachment in gita where kshetra=field and kshetrajna=knower of the field) the self/atman merges (unite/integrate=yoga) into the underlying unified energy field (brahman) . Thus tat tvam asi. Atman (Individual self-You-tvam) =Brahman (universal-Tat). Emergent consciousness is lost i.e vibrating energy fields is lost and equilibriated/bliss energy fields remain. This is the result of meditation.
Terminology in Advaita(Non-dual)=Atman (Individual Self), Brahman (Universal Self).
Terminology in Sankhya =Buddhi (Intellect), Ahankara (identity), Chitta (mental awareness), Manas (memory bank), Sattva (Balance), Rajas (Activity), Tamas (Inertia).
Terminology in Gita =Kshetra (Field), Kshetragna (Knower of the Field)
Deities-Anthropomorphic representation of abstract attributes.
The various deities of "hinduism" represent various abstract mental states during subject object split. For eg. Shiva represents destruction (Tamas), Vishnu-preservation (Sattva)-Brahma-projection/creation (Rajas) of the universe .This is because prakriti engages in creative, maintaining and destructive activities.
4 experience based paths to the above:Bhakti-Yoga(Love of Self-subject object separation followed by subject object unity), Karma -Yoga (Work /Activity based, Removing focus from fruits of activity but focusing on the activity itself, love of work and work for the sake of work and not for the gains or losses/side effects that accrues with it  ), Raja-Yoga( Patanjali's Ashtanga Yoga System-involves dhyana,dharana,samadhi), Jnana-Yoga(Knower of Self/Advaita based).
Christ who experienced unity is quoted as -do unto others as you would like others to do unto yourself was a bhakta (lover of the self). Buddha was a jnani (knowledge seeker) (meditated on the self).
Loss of  organization  at the physical level/structure =death of the body.
Aging = loss of structure/physical organization.
"God" in "Hinduism"=Atman/IndividualizedSelf which merges into Universal self"Brahman".
Good (Sattv-ic)/Evil (Tamas-ic)=Creative/Destructive mental energy states.
Self knowledge= Atman knowledge

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